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Human Anatomy and Physiology (HAP)
Human Anatomy and Physiology (HAP)
TN.BIOI.Biology I (BIO1)
BIO1.ETS. Engineering, Technology, and Applications of Science (ETS) BIO1.ETS2. Links Among Engineering, Technology, Science, and Society BIO1.ETS2.1. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information on how molecular biotechnology may be used in a variety of fields.
BIO1.ETS2.3. Analyze scientific and ethical arguments to support the pros and cons of application of a specific biotechnology technique such as stem cell usage, in vitro fertilization, or genetically modified organisms.
BIO1.LS. Life Sciences (LS) BIO1.LS1. From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes BIO1.LS1.1. Compare and contrast existing models, identify patterns, and use structural and functional evidence to analyze the characteristics of life. Engage in argument about the designation of viruses as non-living based on these characteristics.
BIO1.LS1.2. Evaluate comparative models of various cell types with a focus on organic molecules that make up cellular structures. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cells
BIO1.LS1.3. Integrate evidence to develop a structural model of a DNA molecule. Using the model, develop and communicate an explanation for how DNA serves as a template for self-replication and encodes biological information. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Meiosis
BIO1.LS1.4. Demonstrate how DNA sequence information is decoded through transcriptional and translational processes within the cell in order to synthesize proteins. Examine the relationship of structure and function of various types of RNA and the importance of this
BIO1.LS1.6. Create a model for the major events of the eukaryotic cell cycle, including mitosis. Compare and contrast the rates of cell division in various eukaryotic cell types in multicellular organisms. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Meiosis Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Mitosis
BIO1.LS1.7. Utilize a model of a cell plasma membrane to compare the various types of cellular transport and test predictions about the movement of molecules into or out of a cell based on the homeostasis of energy and matter in cells. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cells
BIO1.LS1.8. Create a model of photosynthesis demonstrating the net flow of matter and energy into a cell. Use the model to explain energy transfer from light energy into stored chemical energy in the product.
BIO1.LS1.9. Create a model of aerobic respiration demonstrating flow of matter and energy out of a cell. Use the model to explain energy transfer mechanisms. Compare aerobic respiration to alternative processes of glucose metabolism.
BIO1.LS3 Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics BIO1.LS2.2. Create a model tracking carbon atoms between inorganic and organic molecules in an ecosystem. Explain human impacts on climate based on this model.
BIO1.LS3. Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits BIO1.LS3.1. Model chromosome progression through meiosis and fertilization in order to argue how the processes of sexual reproduction lead to both genetic similarities and variation in diploid organisms. Compare and contrast the processes of sexual and asexual reprod Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Meiosis
BIO1.LS3.2. Explain how protein formation results in phenotypic variation and discuss how changes in DNA can lead to somatic or germ line mutations.
BIO1.LS3.3. Through pedigree analysis, identify patterns of trait inheritance to predict family member genotypes. Use mathematical thinking to predict the likelihood of various types of trait transmission.
BIO1.LS4 Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics BIO1.LS2.3. Analyze through research the cycling of matter in our biosphere and explain how biogeochemical cycles are critical for ecosystem function.
BIO1.LS4. Biological Change: Unity and Diversity BIO1.LS4.1. Evaluate scientific data collected from analysis of molecular sequences, fossil records, biogeography, and embryology. Identify chronological patterns of change and communicate that biological evolution is supported by multiple lines of empirical evidence
BIO1.LS4.2. Using a model that demonstrates the change in allele frequencies resulting in evolution of a population over many generations, identify causative agents of change. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Meiosis
BIO1.LS4.3. Identify ecosystem services and assess the role of biodiversity in support of these services. Analyze the role human activities have on disruption of these services.
BIO1.LS5 Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics BIO1.LS2.4. Analyze data demonstrating the decrease in biomass observed in each successive trophic level. Construct an explanation considering the laws of conservation of energy and matter and represent this phenomenon in a mathematical model to describe the transfer
TN.BIOII.Biology II (BIO2)
BIO2.ETS. Engineering, Technology, and Applications of Science (ETS) BIO2.ETS2. Links Among Engineering, Technology, Science, and Society BIO2.ETS2.1. Research the development of the microscope and advances in microscopy technology for the discovery and ongoing understanding of microorganisms. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cells
BIO2.ETS2.2. Construct an explanation for how classification schemes have changed based on new evidence gained due to advances in biotechnology.
BIO2.ETS2.3. Create a timeline depicting how humans have employed engineering and technology to maximize use of microorganisms, plants, and animals for various purposes. Choose one specific example and construct an argument supporting or opposing the use of engineerin
BIO2.LS. Life Sciences (LS) BIO2.LS2. Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics BIO2.LS2.2. Compare innate versus learned behavior. Construct an argument from evidence that shows the value of both types of behavior and their importance to species survival.
BIO2.LS4. Biological Change: Unity and Diversity BIO2.LS4.1. Use models of viruses, prokaryotes, and eukaryotes to ask questions about characteristics of living things and analyze theories regarding the origin of life on Earth. Construct an argument from evidence supporting the idea that eukaryotes could not exist
BIO2.LS4.10. Evaluate information regarding the diversity of protists. Use this information to analyze evolutionary relationships among protists, fungi, plants, and animals.
BIO2.LS4.11. Using models, compare how the following processes occur in major groups of fungi: gas exchange; nutrient distribution; energy acquisition and use; response to internal and external stimuli; and, reproduction.
BIO2.LS4.12. Analyze evolutionary relationships among algae and major groups of plants. In this analysis, consider adaptations necessary for survival in terrestrial habitats.
BIO2.LS4.13. Interpret data supporting current plant classification schemes. Use a dichotomous key to identify plants based on variations in characteristics.
BIO2.LS4.15. Use a model angiosperm to differentiate plant organs and the tissues from which they are made. Use the model to explain how the plant structures: provide support; regulate gas exchange; obtain and use energy; and, process and distribute nutrients.
BIO2.LS4.18. Create an argument from evidence regarding the importance of plant relationships including symbiosis and co-evolutionary relationships (examples: mycorrhizae, Rhizobium, pollination, etc.).
BIO2.LS4.2. Using information based on the geologic time scale and history of life on Earth, look for patterns in changes in organisms over time and explain how these patterns support the theory of evolution.
BIO2.LS4.20. Create a model to distinguish animal germ layers (endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm) and resulting tissue types. Use the model to make predictions regarding phylogenetic relationships among groups of organisms with varying body plans.
BIO2.LS4.22. Observe examples of organisms from major animal phyla in order to describe the diverse structures associated with the following functions: gas exchange; energy acquisition; nutrient processing and distribution; environmental responses; and reproduction.
BIO2.LS4.23. Design and carry out an investigation examining how major body systems interact to maintain homeostasis of nutrient, energy, water, waste, and/or temperature balance.
BIO2.LS4.24. Obtain and communicate information on how the nervous and endocrine systems in a model vertebrate organism coordinate body functions such as: growth and development; stimuli response and information transmission; and, the maintenance of homeostasis.
BIO2.LS4.25. Create a model demonstrating how the immune system functions in monitoring of and responding to bacterial and viral infectious diseases.
BIO2.LS4.27. Model several reproductive strategies used by example organisms and compare them to explain how each differentially accomplishes reproductive success. Collect information in support of the argument that rapidly reproducing species that produce more young Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Meiosis
BIO2.LS4.3. Use molecular data to construct cladograms depicting phylogenetic relationships between major groups of organisms.
BIO2.LS4.4. Trace changes in classification schemes over time, explaining these changes considering new findings and new interpretations of existing data.
BIO2.LS4.5. Construct an argument from evidence supporting the three domain classification system or opposing the system with a suggested alternative system.
BIO2.LS4.6. Obtain information and compare features of Bacteria and Archaea. Ask questions about the evolution of each group.
BIO2.LS4.7. Using models, compare how the following processes occur in major groups of bacteria: gas exchange; nutrient distribution; energy acquisition and use; response to internal and external stimuli; and, reproduction.
BIO2.LS4.9. Using models, compare how the following processes occur in major groups of protists: gas exchange; nutrient distribution; energy acquisition and use; response to internal and external stimuli; and, reproduction.
CHEM1.PS. Physical Sciences (PS) CHEM1.PS1. Matter and Its Interactions CHEM1.PS1.1. Understand and be prepared to use values specific to chemical processes: the mole, molar mass, molarity, and percent composition. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Mole
CHEM1.PS1.11. Develop and compare historical models of the atom (from Democritus to quantum model) and construct arguments to show how scientific knowledge evolves over time, based on experimental evidence, critique, and alternative interpretations.
CHEM1.PS1.12. Explain the origin and organization of the Periodic Table. Predict chemical and physical properties of main group elements (reactivity, number of subatomic particles, ion charge, ionization energy, atomic radius, and electronegativity) based on location o
CHEM1.PS1.13. Use the periodic table and electronegativity differences of elements to predict the types of bonds that are formed between atoms during chemical reactions and write the names of chemical compounds, including polyatomic ions using the IUPAC criteria.
CHEM1.PS1.15. Investigate, describe, and mathematically determine the effect of solute concentration on vapor pressure using the solute’s van ’t Hoff factor on freezing point depression and boiling point elevation.
CHEM1.PS1.2. Demonstrate that atoms, and therefore mass, are conserved during a chemical reaction by balancing chemical equations.
CHEM1.PS1.4. Use the reactants in a chemical reaction to predict the products and identify reaction classes (synthesis, decomposition, combustion, single replacement, double replacement).
CHEM1.PS1.5. Conduct investigations to explore and characterize the behavior of gases (pressure, volume, temperature), develop models to represent this behavior, and construct arguments to explain this behavior. Evaluate the relationship (qualitatively and quantitativ Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Mole
CHEM1.PS1.6. Use the ideal gas law, PV = nRT, to algebraically evaluate the relationship among the number of moles, volume, pressure, and temperature for ideal gases.
CHEM1.PS1.7. Analyze solutions to identify solutes and solvents, quantitatively analyze concentrations (molarity, percent composition, and ppm), and perform separation methods such as evaporation, distillation, and/or chromatography and show conceptual understanding o Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Mole
CHEM1.PS1.8. Identify acids and bases as a special class of compounds with a specific set of properties.
CHEM1.PS1.9. Draw models (qualitative models such as pictures or diagrams) to demonstrate understanding of radioactive stability and decay. Understand and differentiate between fission and fusion reactions. Use models (graphs or tables) to explain the concept of half-
CHEM1.PS2. Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions CHEM1.PS2.1. Draw, identify, and contrast graphical representations of chemical bonds (ionic, covalent, and metallic) based on chemical formulas. Construct and communicate explanations to show that atoms combine by transferring or sharing electrons.
CHEM1.PS2.3. Construct a model to explain the process by which solutes dissolve in solvents, and develop an argument to describe how intermolecular forces affect the solubility of different chemical compounds.
CHEM1.PS2.4. Conduct an investigation to determine how temperature, surface area, and stirring affect the rate of solubility. Construct an argument to explain the relationships observed in experimental data using collision theory.
CHEM1.PS3. Energy CHEM1.PS3.1. Contrast the concepts of temperature and heat flow in macroscopic and microscopic terms. Understand that heat is a form of energy and temperature is a measure of average kinetic energy of a molecule. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Gases Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
CHEM1.PS3.2. Draw and interpret heating and cooling curves and phase diagrams. Analyze the energy changes involved in calorimetry by using the law of conservation of energy quantitatively (use of q = mcΔT) and qualitatively. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
CHEM1.PS3.3. Distinguish between endothermic and exothermic reactions by constructing potential energy diagrams and explain the differences between the two using chemical terms (e.g., activation energy). Recognize when energy is absorbed or given off depending on the
CHEM1.PS3.4. Analyze energy changes to explain and defend the law of conservation of energy.
CHEM2.PS. Physical Sciences (PS) CHEM2.PS1. Matter and Its Interactions CHEM2.PS1.1. Illustrate and explain the arrangement of electrons surrounding atoms and ions (electron configurations and orbital notation of a specific electron in an element) and relate the arrangement of electrons with observed periodic trends.
CHEM2.PS1.12. Analyze oxidation and reduction reactions to identify the substances gaining and losing electrons, distinguish between the cathode and anode, predict reactions, and balance oxidation-reduction reactions in acidic or basic solutions.
CHEM2.PS1.13. Investigate models and explore uses of electrochemistry (batteries and electrochemical cells).
CHEM2.PS1.16. Create a model of the atomic substructure including electrons, protons, neutrons, quarks, and gluons.
CHEM2.PS1.3. Compare and contrast crystalline and amorphous solids with respect to particle arrangement, strength of bonds, melting and boiling points, bulk density, and conductivity; provide examples of each type.
CHEM2.PS1.5. Obtain data and solve combined and ideal gas law problems and stoichiometry problems at STP and non STP conditions to quantitatively explain the behavior of gases. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game The Mole
CHEM2.PS1.6. Use the Van der Waal’s equation to support explanations of how real gases deviate from the ideal gas law.
CHEM2.PS1.8. Develop models to show how different types of polymers, such as proteins, nucleic acids, and starches, are formed by repetitive combinations of simple subunits by condensation and addition reactions and to show the diverse bonding characteristics of carbo
CHEM2.PS2. Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions CHEM2.PS2.1. Plan and conduct an investigation to compare the properties of the different types of intermolecular forces in pure substances and in components of a mixture.
CHEM2.PS2.2. Make predictions regarding the relative magnitudes of the forces acting within collections of interacting molecules based on the distribution of electrons within the molecules and types of intermolecular forces through which the molecules interact.
CHEM2.PS2.3. Investigate and use mathematical evidence to support that rates of chemical reactions are determined by details of the molecular collisions.
CHEM2.PS2.5. Investigate the parameters of chemical equilibria in the laboratory by A) writing and calculating equilibrium expressions (Kc, Kp, Ksp, Ka, Kb); B) calculating Q and determining the direction the reaction will proceed; and, C) calculating equilibrium conc
CHEM2.PS3. Energy CHEM2.PS3.1. Mathematically determine the enthalpy change for a given reaction using Hess’s Law, standard enthalpies of formation, or a given mass of a reactant.
CHEM2.PS3.2. Apply scientific principles and mathematical representations to predict if a chemical reaction is spontaneous using Gibb’s Free Energy, ΔG = ΔH – TΔS.
CHEM2.PS3.3. Apply scientific and engineering ideas to build, evaluate, and refine a fuel cell model (e.g., graphical representation or as a project) with specific design constraints.
CHEM2.PS3.7. Investigate and explain the energy changes in biological systems (such as the combustion of sugar and photosynthesis) both qualitatively and quantitatively.
CHEM2.PS3.8. Research pyrotechnics and use concepts in thermodynamics, stoichiometry, oxidation reduction, and kinetics to design and create a low intensity sparkler.
ECO.ESS. Earth and Space Sciences (ESS) ECO.ESS3. Earth and Human Activity ECO.ESS3.3. Engage in argument from evidence regarding the impacts of human activity on climate change. Design solutions to address these impacts.
ECO.ETS. Engineering, Technology, and Applications of Science (ETS) ECO.ETS2. Links Among Engineering, Technology, Science, and Society ECO.ETS2.1. Engage in argument from evidence regarding the impact engineering and technology have on biodiversity.
ECO.LS. Life Sciences (LS) ECO.LS2. Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics ECO.LS2.1. Construct explanations for patterns relating to climate, flora, and fauna found in major terrestrial biomes (deserts, temperate grasslands, temperate forests, tropical grasslands, tropical forests, taiga, and tundra).
ECO.LS2.10. Plan and carry out an investigation measuring species diversity (richness and evenness) and density in a local ecosystem.
ECO.LS2.14. Obtain information regarding survivorship curves and reproductive strategies of various species. Choose one of these strategies and construct an argument regarding its effectiveness. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Meiosis
ECO.LS2.16. Use a mathematical model to examine predator-prey interactions. Based on the model, construct an argument regarding the importance of predators in maintaining stability of prey populations.
ECO.LS2.17. Based on information obtained from research, construct explanations regarding mechanisms by which prey protect themselves from predation (including herbivory).
ECO.LS2.18. Use models to explain the impacts of types of symbiosis on the species involved in the relationship.
ECO.LS2.19. Carry out an investigation of stability and change within a local ecosystem. Identify signs of succession (primary or secondary). Based on investigation findings, make predictions regarding future changes in this ecosystem.
ECO.LS2.22. Construct an explanation for the relationship between sexual selection and sexual dimorphism.
ECO.LS2.3. Create a model of an ecosystem depicting the interrelationships among organisms with a variety of niches. Use the model to explain resource needs of these organisms.
ECO.LS2.4. Compare patterns of stratification and zonation in various terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Construct an argument regarding the importance of these patterns in ecosystem diversity.
ECO.LS2.5. Using the laws of conservation of energy, create a model of energy flow through the biosphere. Use the model to explain limitations in energy transfer and the need for ongoing energy input.
ECO.LS2.6. Compare pyramids of energy, numbers, and biomass to calculate rates of productivity within food chains and food webs among various biomes. Using mathematics, explain the relationship between biomass and trophic levels.
ECO.LS2.7. Use models to explain relationships among biogeochemical cycles (water, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus).
ECO.LS2.8. Create a diagram tracing carbon through the processes of photosynthesis and respiration. Use the diagram to construct an explanation for the importance of photosynthesis and respiration in the carbon cycle.
ECO.LS2.9. Construct an argument from evidence regarding the importance of the microbial community in nutrient cycling.
ECO.LS4. Biological Change: Unity and Diversity ECO.LS4.1. Develop and revise a system for classifying organisms. Justify choice of information (morphology, molecular data, energy acquisition, habitat, niche, trophic level, reproduction, etc.) used in developing your system.
ECO.LS4.2. Construct an argument, citing evidence, supporting the influence of natural selection on changes in populations over time.
ECO.LS4.3. Design and carry out an investigation examining the importance of animal behaviors and plant tropisms for survival.
ECO.LS4.7. Research and evaluate the effectiveness of strategies for maintenance of biodiversity.
TN.ESS.Earth and Space Science (ESS)
Earth and Space Science (ESS)
ESS.ESS. Earth and Space Sciences (ESS) ESS.ESS1. Earth's Place in the Universe ESS.ESS1.1. Construct an explanation regarding the rapid expansion of the universe based on astronomical evidence of light spectra, motion of distant galaxies, and composition of matter in the universe.
ESS.ESS1.10. Summarize available sources of data within the solar system which provide clues about Earth’s formation. Using engineering principles, design a means to gather more data.
ESS.ESS1.3. Analyze and interpret data about the mass of a star to predict its composition, luminosity, and temperature across its life cycle, including an explanation for how and why it undergoes changes at each stage.
ESS.ESS1.5. Analyze and compare image data from instruments used to study deep space (e.g., visible, infrared, radio, refracting and reflecting telescopes, and spectrophotometer). Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the instrumentation.
ESS.ESS1.6. Recognize how advances in deep space research instrumentation over the last 30 years have led to new understandings of Earth’s place in the universe and how these advances have benefitted society. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cells
ESS.ESS1.7. Analyze and interpret data to compare, contrast, and explain the characteristics of objects in the solar system including the sun, planets and their satellites, planetoids, asteroids, and comets. Characteristics include: mass, gravitational attraction, di
ESS.ESS1.8. Use mathematical or computational representations to predict motions of the various kinds of objects in our solar system, including planets, satellites, comets, and asteroids, and the influence of gravity, inertia, and collisions on these motions.
ESS.ESS1.9. Evaluate the evidence for the role of gravitational force and heat production in theories about the origin and formation of Earth. Design a research study to confirm or refute one aspect of such evidence.
ESS.ESS2. Earth’s Systems ESS.ESS2.1. Given an environmental disaster, analyze its effect upon the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and/or biosphere, including sphere-to-sphere interactions. Analysis should conclude with an identification of future research to improve our ability to predic Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
ESS.ESS2.10. Construct a model which shows the interactions between processes of the hydrologic cycle and the greenhouse effect. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
ESS.ESS2.11. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about human or natural threats to Tennessee.
ESS.ESS2.12. Engage in an argument from evidence to explain the degree to which the dynamics of oceanic currents could contribute to at least one aspect of climate change. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
ESS.ESS2.13. Use a model to predict how variations in the flow of energy through radiation, conduction, and convection into and out of Earth’s systems could contribute to global atmospheric processes and climactic effects. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
ESS.ESS2.14. Using data, weather maps, and other scientific tools, predict weather conditions from an analysis of the movement of air masses, high and low pressure systems, and frontal boundaries.
ESS.ESS2.15. Use satellite-based image datasets to compare and explain how weather and climate patterns at various latitudes, elevations, and proximities to water and ocean currents are a function of heat, evaporation, condensation, and rotation of the planet. The com Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
ESS.ESS2.16. Design a mathematical model of Earth’s energy budget showing how the electromagnetic radiation from the sun in watts/ m2 is reflected, absorbed, stored, redistributed among the atmosphere, ocean, and land systems, and reradiated back into space. The model Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
ESS.ESS2.17. Analyze the multiple sources of energy that provide power in the state of Tennessee and compare them to each other and to an alternative energy source. The analysis should include their functional components (such as infrastructure cost, on-going costs, s
ESS.ESS2.18. Identify the organisms that are major drivers in the global carbon cycle and trace how greenhouse gases are continually moved through the carbon reservoirs and fluxes represented by the ocean, land, life, and atmosphere.
ESS.ESS2.2. Construct an argument based on evidence about how global and regional climate is impacted by interactions among the Sun's energy output, tectonic events, ocean circulation, vegetation, and human activities. The argument should include discussion of a vari Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
ESS.ESS2.3. Communicate scientific and technical information to explain how evidence from deep probes and seismic waves, reconstructions of historical changes in Earth’s surface and its magnetic field, and an understanding of physical and chemical processes lead to a
ESS.ESS2.4. Analyze surface features of Earth and identify and explain the geologic processes responsible for their formation.
ESS.ESS2.5. Develop a visual model to illustrate the formation and reformation of rocks over time including processes such as weathering, sedimentation, and plate movement. The model should include a comparison of the physical properties of various rock types, common Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
ESS.ESS2.6. Make and defend a claim based on evidence to describe the formation and on-going availability of mined resources such as phosphorous, platinum, rare minerals, rare earth elements, and/or fossil fuels. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals
ESS.ESS2.7. Apply scientific principles regarding thermal convection and gravitational movement of dense materials to predict the outcomes of continued development and movement of lithospheric plates from their growing margins at a divergent boundary (mid-ocean ridge
ESS.ESS2.8. Using maps and numerical data, evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning that forces due to plate tectonics cause earthquake activity, volcanic eruptions, and mountain building.
ESS.ESS2.9. Design a research study to examine an area of increasing seismic or volcanic activity and predict what will occur in that area over the next month, year, and decade. The description should include the instruments and measures to be used in the study and a
ESS.ESS3. Earth and Human Activity ESS.ESS3.2. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information on how natural resource availability, natural hazard occurrences, and climatic changes impact individuals and society. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
ESS.ESS3.3. Design, evaluate, or refine a technological solution that reduces impacts of human activities on natural systems. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
TN.EVSC.Environmental Science (EVSC)
Environmental Science (EVSC)
EVSC.ESS. Earth and Space Sciences (ESS) EVSC.ESS2. Earth’s Systems EVSC.ESS2.1. Research the development of the theory of plate tectonics. Use the theory to construct an explanation for how changes in Earth’s crust cause mountain formation, volcanoes, earthquakes, and tsunamis. Provide evidence to support the explanation using inform
EVSC.ESS2.2. Considering Earth’s position within our solar system, use a model to demonstrate the causes of day length, seasons, and climate. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
EVSC.ESS2.3. Analyze the composition of the Earth’s atmosphere. Obtain information and use graphs to observe patterns regarding stability and change within the Earth’s atmospheric composition (O2, N2, CO2, etc.) over geologic time.
EVSC.ESS2.4. Differentiate weather and climate and analyze and interpret data examining naturally occurring patterns pertaining to each. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
EVSC.ESS2.5. Plan and carry out an investigation examining the chemical and physical properties of water and the impact of water on Earth’s topography. Analyze data and share findings. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
EVSC.ESS2.6. Develop a model to explain soil formation and the flow of matter in the rock cycle. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
EVSC.ESS3. Earth and Human Activity EVSC.ESS3.1. Research Earth’s natural resources (renewable and nonrenewable resources). Construct an argument from evidence supporting the claim that a particular type of resource is important for humans.
EVSC.ESS3.11. Define problems and suggest solutions associated with using, conserving, and recycling energy and mineral resources taking into account economic, social, and environmental costs and benefits. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals
EVSC.ESS3.12. Ask questions about technology needed to develop alternative energy sources and obtain information from various sources to answer those questions.
EVSC.ESS3.13. Analyze and interpret data on the effects of land, water, and air pollution on the environment and on human health. Propose solutions for minimizing pollution from specific sources. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
EVSC.ESS3.16. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate scientific information tracing the breakdown of ozone caused by chlorofluorocarbons and the effectiveness of efforts to address this environmental problem. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
EVSC.ESS3.17. Using mathematics and computational thinking, analyze data linking human activity to climate change. Design solutions to address human impacts on climate change.
EVSC.ESS3.4. Gather, organize, analyze, and present data on current land use trends by humans. Based on analysis, predict future trends.
EVSC.ESS3.5. Plan and carry out an investigation examining best management practices in water usage, agriculture, forestry, urban/suburban development, mining, or fishing and communicate findings. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
EVSC.ESS3.9. Evaluate ecosystem services provided by forests ecosystems. Construct an explanation for human impact on these services.
EVSC.ETS. Engineering, Technology, and Applications of Science (ETS) EVSC.ETS2. Links Among Engineering, Technology, Science, and Society EVSC.ETS2.1. Engage in argument from evidence on the role engineering and technology play in a sustainable human society.
EVSC.ETS3. Applications of Science EVSC.ETS3.1. Plan and carry out an investigation of a local ecosystem to assess human impacts. Based on your findings, design and evaluate a solution to minimize impacts.
EVSC.LS. Life Sciences (LS) EVSC.LS2. Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics EVSC.LS2.1. Using a variety of data sources, construct an explanation for the impact of climate, latitude, altitude, geology, and hydrology patterns on plant and animal life in various terrestrial biomes.
EVSC.LS2.4. Compare and contrast production (photosynthesis, chemosynthesis) and respiratory (aerobic respiration, anaerobic respiration, consumption, decomposition) processes responsible for the cycling of matter and flow of energy through an ecosystem. Using eviden
EVSC.LS2.5. Use a mathematical model to explain energy flow through an ecosystem. Using the first and second laws of thermodynamics, construct an explanation for: A) necessity for constant energy input; B) limitations on energy transfer from one trophic level to the
EVSC.LS2.6. Evaluate the interdependence among major biogeochemical cycles (water, carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus) in an ecosystem and recognize the importance each cycle has in maintaining ecosystem stability.
EVSC.LS4. Biological Change: Unity and Diversity EVSC.LS4.1. Construct an explanation based on scientific evidence for mechanisms of natural selection that result in behavioral, anatomical, and physiological adaptations in populations.
EVSC.LS4.2. Justify claims with scientific evidence that changes in environmental conditions lead to speciation and extinction.
EVSC.LS4.3. Evaluate the impact of habitat fragmentation and destruction, invasive species, overharvesting, pollution, and climate change on biodiversity (genetic, species, and ecosystem).
GEO.ESS. Earth and Space Sciences (ESS) GEO.ESS1. Earth’s Place in the Universe GEO.ESS1.1. Compare and contrast methods for constructing accounts of Earth’s formation, early history, and/or changes in environmental conditions on Earth over time.
GEO.ESS1.2. Evaluate evidence used to explain the ongoing changes in the Earth's system over geologic time due to interactions among the solid Earth, hydrosphere, and atmosphere.
GEO.ESS1.3. Evaluate the geologic evidence (including index fossils, absolute and relative dating methods, superposition, and/or crosscutting relationships) used to infer the age of the Earth. Design a research study to confirm or refute one aspect of such evidence.
GEO.ESS2. Earth’s Systems GEO.ESS2.1. Analyze surface features of Earth in order to identify geologic processes (including weathering, erosion, deposition, and glaciation) that are likely to have been responsible for their formation. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
GEO.ESS2.10. Conduct research, provide a rationale, plan, and conduct an investigation of the properties of water and its effects on Earth materials and surface processes. The rationale should take into account processes of the hydrologic cycle, including evaporation,
GEO.ESS2.11. Design a solution to a complex real-world problem caused by the dynamic nature of rivers and streams which erode and transport sediment, change their course, and flood their banks in natural and recurring patterns. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
GEO.ESS2.12. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about man-made and natural threats (e.g., mining, pollution, erosion, runoff, floods, and earthquakes) to Tennessee watersheds. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
GEO.ESS2.13. Communicate scientific and technical information to explain how evidence from deep probes and seismic waves, reconstructions of historical changes in Earth’s surface and its magnetic field, and an understanding of physical and chemical processes lead to a
GEO.ESS2.14. Apply scientific principles regarding thermal convection and gravitational movement of dense materials to predict the outcomes of continued development and movement of lithospheric plates from their growing margins at a divergent boundary (mid-ocean ridge
GEO.ESS2.15. Using maps and other data types, predict how plate tectonics cause earthquake activity, volcanic eruptions, and mountain building.
GEO.ESS2.16. Analyze the effect of an earthquake upon the geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and/or biosphere, including sphere-to-sphere interactions. Analysis should conclude with an identification of future research to improve our ability to predict such interacti
GEO.ESS2.2. Engage in an argument from geoscience data to assert that changes to Earth's surface can create feedbacks that cause changes to other Earth systems. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
GEO.ESS2.3. Create a visual model describing the processes responsible for forming the three rock groups (sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic) and explaining their characteristics. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
GEO.ESS2.4. Classify minerals and rocks on the basis of their physical and chemical properties and the environment in which they were formed. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
GEO.ESS2.5. Distinguish between the physical and chemical properties of minerals. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals
GEO.ESS2.7. Communicate scientific and technical information about how the dynamic nature of the rock cycle accounts for the interrelationships among rock and mineral types, and describe how the total amount of material stays the same throughout formation, weathering Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
GEO.ESS2.8. Develop a visual model to illustrate the formation and reformation of rocks over time including processes such as weathering, sedimentation, and plate movement. The model should include a comparison of the physical properties of various rock types, common Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks
GEO.ESS2.9. Develop a model that combines the rock cycle and the carbon cycle, which explains what leads up to and follows a major volcanic eruption and its effect on carbon storage and fluxes.
GEO.ESS3. Earth and Human Activity GEO.ESS3.1. Use a topographic map and a geologic map to determine an ideal location for a Tennessee electricity-generating facility to provide solar, wind, nuclear, hydroelectric, or other renewable/nonrenewable power.
GEO.ESS3.2. Make and defend a claim based on evidence to describe the formation and future availability of mined resources (e.g., phosphorous, platinum, and fossil fuels). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals
GEO.ESS3.3. Evaluate the evidence and reasoning supporting claims about the impact of human activities on groundwater quality. The evaluation should include data related to multiple factors (e.g., precipitation, topography, porosity, and run-off).
TN.HAP.Human Anatomy and Physiology (HAP)
Human Anatomy and Physiology (HAP)
HAP.LS. Life Sciences (LS) HAP.LS1. From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes Core Idea: The human body is organized to accomplish life processes. HAP.LS1.1. Investigate the organization of the human body in relation to its ability to accomplish life functions and construct an explanation for the relationship between anatomy and physiology.
HAP.LS1.2. Differentiate the major organ systems of the human body by their anatomy and physiology and engage in argument about defined boundaries due to their functional connectivity.
HAP.LS1.3. Describe the organizational levels of the human body and observe patterns in cell types and tissue types across organ systems. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cells
HAP.LS1.5. Explain homeostasis and describe how it is accomplished through feedback mechanisms that utilize receptors and effectors.
Core Idea: The Integumentary system provides protection, temperature homeostasis, and sensation. HAP.LS1.6. Describe the anatomical structures of the integumentary system and explain their role in the physiological processes of protection, temperature homeostasis, and sensation.
HAP.LS1.7. Diagram a cross-sectional image of skin layers identifying the microscopic components and describe the life cycle of cells that maintain these layers.
Core Idea: The Skeletal system provides support, protection, movement, storage, and hematopoiesis. HAP.LS1.10. Explain the processes of bone formation, growth, and repair.
HAP.LS1.8. Identify major bones within the axial and appendicular divisions, describing their physiological roles in creating a body scaffold, internal organ protection, and anchor points for skeletal muscles participating in movement.
HAP.LS1.9. Diagram microscopic bone structures, identifying regions that participate in hematopoiesis and storage of minerals and fat.
Core Idea: Muscular systems provide movement and temperature homeostasis. HAP.LS1.11. Differentiate visceral, cardiac, and skeletal muscle tissues based on anatomical criteria and their physiological role in the movement of body parts and/or substances.
HAP.LS1.13. Model the anatomical connections between the skeletal system and muscular system and explain how they generate movement through antagonistic muscle groups.
Core Idea: The Cardiovascular system provides transport of materials for homeostatic control and protection throughout the body. HAP.LS1.14. Describe, in terms of structure and function, the systemic and pulmonary paths of the cardiovascular system.
HAP.LS1.15. Prepare and/or use a model of a human heart to explain systole and diastole and the heart’s internal and external control mechanisms involved in producing the heartbeat.
HAP.LS1.16. Explain blood pressure in terms of systole and diastole. Describe the factors affecting blood pressure and blood pressure’s role in homeostasis.
HAP.LS1.17. Examine the structure (molecular and cellular) of blood constituents and describe their function.
HAP.LS1.18. Explain how the anatomy of the respiratory system functions to provide oxygen and carbon dioxide transport mechanisms between the lungs and the circulatory system, considering capillary structures, red blood cell structures, diffusion, and affinity.
HAP.LS1.19. Explain the relationship between the integumentary, muscular, and circulatory systems in temperature homeostasis.
Core Idea: The Immune and Lymphatic systems provide protection and lipid transport. HAP.LS1.20. Describe the relationship between the structure and function of the lymphatic system.
HAP.LS1.21. Differentiate between innate and adaptive immunity, identifying immune cells that play a role in each.
HAP.LS1.22. Analyze ABO and Rh blood groups as a basis for blood transfusion and infant incompatibility reactions.
HAP.LS1.23. Diagram the progression of lipid transport from the digestive system, through the lymphatic system, and into the cardiovascular circulation.
Core Idea: The Digestive system provides for absorption of raw materials that build and fuel the body’s cells. HAP.LS1.24. Model the sequential organization of the alimentary canal and its accessory organs in order to describe the physiological role of each.
HAP.LS1.25. Analyze gastrointestinal wall histology and explain the anatomical architecture that supports efficient absorption and transport of molecules into cardiovascular or lymphatic circulation.
HAP.LS1.26. Investigate the actions of major digestive enzymes and hormones and identify their sources.
HAP.LS1.27. Describe the role of the hepatic portal system in coupling the digestive and cardiovascular systems.
Core Idea: The Urinary system provides for waste excretion, osmotic homeostasis, electrolyte homeostasis, and pH homeostasis. HAP.LS1.28. Model the sequential organization of the male and female urinary tracts in order to describe the physiological role of blood filtration and waste excretion from the body.
HAP.LS1.29. Identify the parts of a nephron and describe how they assist in homeostatic mechanisms through urine formation.
Core Idea: The Endocrine system, through hormones, regulates the functions of organs to support life processes. HAP.LS1.30. Using a model, name and locate the major endocrine glands and identify additional organ tissues in the human body that produce hormones. Describe the hormones produced and their physiological effects on other body targets.
HAP.LS1.31. Describe the relationship between receptors and ligands and differentiate between steroid and nonsteroid hormones as ligands.
HAP.LS1.32. Explain, using examples, the mechanism of negative feedback in hormonal production and control.
Core Idea: The Nervous system, in response to stimuli, coordinates functions of other body systems to support life processes. HAP.LS1.33. Anatomically distinguish between the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. Explain how their structures and locations are related to their physiological roles.
HAP.LS1.34. Model the cellular and subcellular structures of neurons and explain the molecular neurophysiology of membrane potentials and the conduction of information through synaptic transmission.
HAP.LS1.35. Identify and describe the types of sensory receptors found in the human body.
HAP.LS1.36. Compare and contrast the structures and functions of the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system.
HAP.LS1.37. Model the major parts of the brain and spinal cord, relating each part to its source of sensory information and/or its primary target of regulation. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
HAP.LS1.38. Explain the structures, functions, and limitations of the human sensory systems (senses): hearing, balance/proprioception, sight, touch, smell, and taste. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
Core Idea: The Reproductive systems ensure the continuity of species through gametogenesis, fertilization, and embryogenesis. HAP.LS1.39. Identify and describe the organs of the human male and female reproductive systems that provide the physiological functions of gametogenesis, fertilization, and embryogenesis. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Meiosis
HAP.LS1.40. Examine the microscopic structures of the human egg and sperm and explain how their structures relate to their functions. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Meiosis
HAP.LS1.41. Based on the secretion of hormones, identify the endocrine tissues of the reproductive system and describe their roles in regulation of secondary sex characteristics, the female menstrual cycle, pregnancy, fetal development, and parturition.
HAP.LS1.42. Trace the major events of human development from fertilization to birth, with a focus on the development of organs and functional organ systems.
PHYS.PS. Physical Sciences (PS) PHYS.PS1. Matter and Its Interactions PHYS.PS1.2. Recognize and communicate examples from everyday life that use radioactive decay processes.
PHYS.PS2. Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions PHYS.PS2.1. Investigate and evaluate the graphical and mathematical relationship (using either manual graphing or computers) of one-dimensional kinematic parameters (distance, displacement, speed, velocity, acceleration) with respect to an object's position, directio
PHYS.PS2.14. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that a constant force perpendicular to an object's motion is required for uniform circular motion (F = m v2 / r).
PHYS.PS2.2. Algebraically solve problems involving constant velocity and constant acceleration in one-dimension.
PHYS.PS2.3. Algebraically solve problems involving arc length, angular velocity, and angular acceleration. Relate quantities to tangential magnitudes of translational motion.
PHYS.PS2.4. Use free-body diagrams to illustrate the contact and non-contact forces acting on an object. Use the diagrams in combination with graphical or component-based vector analysis and with Newton's first and second laws to predict the position of the object on
PHYS.PS2.5. Gather evidence to defend the claim of Newton's first law of motion by explaining the effect that balanced forces have upon objects that are stationary or are moving at constant velocity.
PHYS.PS2.6. Using experimental evidence and investigations, determine that Newton’s second law of motion defines force as a change in momentum, F = Δp/Δt.
PHYS.PS2.7. Plan, conduct, and analyze the results of a controlled investigation to explore the validity of Newton's second law of motion in a system subject to a net unbalanced force, Fnet = ma or Fnet = Δp/Δt.
PYHS.PS2.11. Develop and apply the impulse-momentum theorem along with scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on an object during a collision (e.g., helmet, seatbelt, parachute).
PHYS.PS3. Energy PHYS.PS3.1. Identify and calculate different types of energy and their transformations (thermal, kinetic, potential, including magnetic and electrical potential energies) from one form to another in a system. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
PHYS.PS3.10. Develop a model (sketch, CAD drawing, etc.) of a resistor circuit or capacitor circuit and use it to illustrate the behavior of electrons, electrical charge, and energy transfer.
PHYS.PS3.11. Investigate Ohm’s law (I=V/R) by conducting an experiment to determine the relationships between current and voltage, current and resistance, and voltage and resistance.
PHYS.PS3.14. Recognize and communicate information about energy efficiency and/or inefficiency of machines used in everyday life.
PHYS.PS3.15. Compare and contrast the process, design, and performance of numerous next-generation energy sources (hydropower, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biomass power, etc.).
PHYS.PS3.2. Investigate conduction, convection, and radiation as a mechanism for the transfer of thermal energy.
PHYS.PS3.3. Use the principle of energy conservation and mathematical representations to quantify the change in energy of one component of a system when the energy that flows in and out of the system and the change in energy of the other components is known.
PHYS.PS3.4. Assess the validity of the law of conservation of linear momentum (p=mv) by planning and constructing a controlled scientific investigation involving two objects moving in one-dimension.
PHYS.PS3.5. Construct an argument based on qualitative and quantitative evidence that relates the change in temperature of a substance to its mass and heat energy added or removed from a system.
PHYS.PS3.6. Define power and solve problems involving the rate of energy production or consumption (P = ΔE/Δt). Explain and predict changes in power consumption based on changes in energy demand or elapsed time. Investigate power consumption and power production syst
PHYS.PS3.7. Investigate and evaluate the laws of thermodynamics and use them to describe internal energy, heat, and work.
PHYS.PS3.8. Communicate scientific ideas to describe how forces at a distance are explained by fields (gravitational, electric, and magnetic) permeating space. Explain how energy is contained within the field and how the energy changes when the objects generating and
PHYS.PS3.9. Describe, compare, and diagrammatically represent both electric and magnetic fields. Qualitatively predict the motion of a charged particle in each type of field, but avoid situations where the two types of fields are combined in the same region of space.
PHYS.PS4. Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer PHYS.PS4.1. Know wave parameters (i.e., velocity, period, amplitude, frequency, angular frequency) as well as how these quantities are defined in the cases of longitudinal and transverse waves. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
PHYS.PS4.2. Describe parameters of a medium that affect the propagation of a sound wave through it. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
PHYS.PS4.3. Understand that the reflection, refraction, and transmission of waves at an interface between two media can be modeled on the basis of characteristics of specific wave parameters and parameters of the medium. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
PHYS.PS4.4. Communicate scientific and technical information about how the principle of superposition explains the resonance and harmonic phenomena in air columns and on strings and common sound devices. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
PHYS.PS4.5. Evaluate the characteristics of the electromagnetic spectrum by communicating the similarities and differences among the different bands. Research and determine methods and devices used to measure these characteristics.
PHYS.PS4.6. Plan and conduct controlled scientific investigations to construct explanations of light's behavior (reflection, refraction, transmission, interference) including the use of ray diagrams.
PHYS.PS4.7. Evaluate the claims, evidence, and reasoning behind the idea that electromagnetic radiation can be described either by a wave model or a particle model. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Light
TN.PSCI.Physical Science (PSCI)
PSCI.PS. Physical Sciences (PS) PSCI.PS1. Matter and Its Interactions PSCI.PS1.1. Using the kinetic molecular theory and heat flow considerations, explain the changes of state for solids, liquids, gases, and plasma.
PSCI.PS1.10. Develop a model to illustrate the claim that atoms and mass are conserved during a chemical reaction (i.e., balancing chemical equations).
PSCI.PS1.11. Use models to identify chemical reactions as synthesis, decomposition, single-replacement, and double-replacement. Given the reactants, use these models to predict the products of those chemical reactions.
PSCI.PS1.15. Communicate scientific and technical information about nuclear energy and radioactive isotopes with respect to their impact on society.
PSCI.PS1.2. Graphically represent and discuss the results of an investigation involving pressure, volume, and temperature of a gas.
PSCI.PS1.3. Construct a graphical organizer for the major classifications of matter using composition and separation techniques.
PSCI.PS1.4. Apply scientific principles and evidence to provide explanations about physical and chemical changes.
PSCI.PS1.5. Trace the development of the modern atomic theory to describe atomic particle properties and position.
PSCI.PS1.6. Characterize the difference between atoms of different isotopes of an element.
PSCI.PS1.7. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties of elements.
PSCI.PS1.8. Using the patterns of electrons in the outermost energy level, predict how elements may combine.
PSCI.PS1.9. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the formulas of binary ionic compounds. Explain and use the naming conventions for binary ionic and molecular compounds.
PSCI.PS2. Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions PSCI.PS2.1. Use mathematical representations to show how various factors (e.g., position, time, direction of force) affect one-dimensional kinematics parameters (distance, displacement, speed, velocity, acceleration). Determine graphically the relationships among tho
PSCI.PS2.2. Algebraically solve problems involving constant velocity and constant acceleration in one-dimension.
PSCI.PS2.4. Plan and conduct an investigation to gather evidence and provide a mathematical explanation about the relationship between force, mass, and acceleration. Solve related problems using F=ma.
PSCI.PS2.5. Use mathematical representations to support the claim that the total momentum of a system of objects is conserved when there is no net force on the system.
PSCI.PS2.6. Apply scientific and engineering ideas to design, evaluate, and refine a device that minimizes the force on an object during a collision.
PSCI.PS3. Energy PSCI.PS3.1. Identify and give examples of the various forms of energy (kinetic, gravitational potential, elastic potential) and solve mathematical problems regarding the work-energy theorem and power. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
PSCI.PS3.2. Plan and conduct an investigation to provide evidence that thermal energy will move as heat between objects of two different temperatures, resulting in a more uniform energy distribution (temperature) among the objects.
PSCI.PS3.3. Design, build, and refine a device within design constraints that has a series of simple machines to transfer energy and/or do mechanical work.
PSCI.PS3.4. Collect data and present your findings regarding the law of conservation of energy and the efficiency, mechanical advantage, and power of the refined device.
PSCI.PS3.5. Investigate the relationships among kinetic, potential, and total energy within a closed system (the law of conservation of energy).
PSCI.PS3.6. Determine the mathematical relationships among heat, mass, specific heat capacity, and temperature change using the equation Q = mCpΔT. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
PSCI.PS3.7. Demonstrate Ohm's Law through the design and construction of simple series and parallel circuits.
PSCI.PS3.8. Plan and conduct an experiment using a controlled chemical reaction to transfer thermal energy and/or do mechanical work.
PSCI.PS3.9. Demonstrate the impact of the starting amounts of reacting substances upon the energy released.
PSCI.PS4. Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer PSCI.PS4.1. Use scientific reasoning to compare and contrast the properties of transverse and longitudinal waves and give examples of each type. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
PSCI.PS4.2. Design/conduct an investigation and interpret gathered data to explain how mechanical waves transmit energy through a medium. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
PSCI.PS4.3. Develop and use mathematical models to represent the properties of waves including frequency, amplitude, wavelength, and speed. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
PSCI.PS4.4. Describe and communicate the similarities and differences across the electromagnetic spectrum. Research methods and devices used to measure these characteristics.
PSCI.PS4.5. Research and communicate scientific explanations about how electromagnetic waves are used in modern technology to produce, transmit, receive, and store information. Examples include: medical imaging, cell phones, and wireless networks.
TN.PWC.Physical World Concepts (PWC)
Physical World Concepts (PWC)
PWC.PS. Physical Sciences (PS) PWC.PS1. Matter and Its Interactions PWC.PS1.1. Using the Bohr model of an atom, describe the following features and components of an atom: protons, neutrons, electrons, mass, number and types of particles, structure, and organization.
PWC.PS1.2. Use the kinetic molecular theory to explain how molecular motion is related to internal energy, temperature, heat, phase change, and expansion and contraction.
PWC.PS2. Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions PWC.PS2.1. Investigate, measure, calculate, and analyze the relationship among position, displacement, velocity, acceleration, and time.
PWC.PS2.10. Determine the impulse required to produce a change in momentum.
PWC.PS2.12. Distinguish between mass and weight using SI units.
PWC.PS2.13. Represent the force conditions that exist for a system in equilibrium.
PWC.PS2.2. Explore characteristics of rectilinear motion and create distance-time graphs and velocity-time graphs.
PWC.PS2.3. Explain how Newton’s first law applies to objects at rest and objects moving at a constant velocity.
PWC.PS2.4. Using Newton’s second law, analyze the relationship among the net force acting on a body, the mass of the body, and the resulting acceleration though mathematical and graphical methods.
PWC.PS2.7. Analyze the general relationship between net force, acceleration, and motion for an object undergoing uniform circular motion.
PWC.PS2.8. Describe the nature and magnitude of frictional forces.
PWC.PS2.9. Quantify interactions between objects to show that the total momentum is conserved in both elastic collisions and inelastic collisions.
PWC.PS3. Energy PWC.PS3.1. Investigate the definitions of force, work, power, kinetic energy, and potential energy. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
PWC.PS3.10. Analyze the relationship between energy transfer and disorder in the universe (second law of thermodynamics).
PWC.PS3.2. Analyze the characteristics of energy and conservation of energy including friction, gravitational potential energy, and kinetic energy. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
PWC.PS3.3. Compare and contrast the following ways in which energy is stored in a system: mechanical, electrical, chemical, and nuclear. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Heat
PWC.PS3.4. Describe various ways in which energy is transferred from one system to another (mechanical contact, thermal conduction, and electromagnetic radiation).
PWC.PS3.5. Demonstrate how or explain that energy is conserved in an isolated system even if transformations occur within the system (i.e., chemical to electrical, electrical to mechanical).
PWC.PS3.6. Calculate quantitative relationships associated with the conservation of energy.
PWC.PS3.7. Describe various ways in which matter and energy interact.
PWC.PS3.8. Mathematically quantify the relationship among electrical potential, current, and resistance in an ohmic system.
PWC.PS3.9. Relate the first law of thermodynamics as an application of the law of conservation of energy.
PWC.PS4. Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer PWC.PS4.1. Build a model of a wave that describes the following characteristics of longitudinal waves and transverse waves: wavelength, frequency, period, amplitude, and velocity. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
PWC.PS4.2. Quantify the relationship among the frequency, wavelength, and the speed of a wave. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
PWC.PS4.3. Compare and contrast the properties and the applications of mechanical and electromagnetic waves. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
PWC.PS4.5. Experimentally explore the additive and subtractive properties associated with color formation.
PWC.PS4.6. Using real world application, explain the principle of the Doppler Effect. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
PWC.PS4.7. Investigate reflection, refraction, diffraction, and interference of waves. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
PWC.PS4.8. Explain what function sound resonance has in practical form. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
PWC.PS4.9. Analyze the application of polarization.
TN.SCRE.Scientific Research (SCRE)
Scientific Research (SCRE)
SCRE.ETS. Engineering, Technology, and Applications of Science (ETS) SCRE.ETS2. Links Among Engineering, Technology, Science, and Society SCRE.ETS2.2. Describe the dynamic interplay among engineering, technology, and applied science.
SCRE.ETS2.3. Identify the most appropriate scientific instruments and/or computer programs for different experiments and research, and learn to use, care for, and maintain them, gather data, and analyze results.
SCRE.ETS3. Applications of Science SCRE.ETS3.1. Research and present information about the history of the development of a scientific theory. Articulate reasons for refinements and/or replacement of this theory over time. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Cells
SCRE.ETS3.12. Select and use appropriate statistical procedures (descriptive statistics, t-tests, regression and correlation, chi-square, etc.) to analyze data. Use available calculators, spreadsheets, and statistical software programs. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Minerals Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Rocks Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Sound
SCRE.ETS3.13. Select and use appropriate data tables, graphs, and diagrams to represent data. Use mathematic and computational thinking to look for patterns in data.