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CO.K.1. Oral Expression and Listening Oral Expression and Listening K.1.1. Oral communication skills are built within a language-rich environment. Students can: K.1.1.d. Sort common objects into categories (e.g., shapes, foods) to gain a sense of the concepts the categories represent. (CCSS: L.K.5a)
K.1.1.f. Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., note places at school that are colorful). (CCSS: L.K.5c)
K.1.1.h. Express words and word meanings as encountered in books and conversation.
K.1.1.i. Use new vocabulary that is directly taught through reading, speaking, and listening.
K.1.1.j. Relate new vocabulary to prior knowledge.
K.1.2. Communication relies on effective verbal and nonverbal skills. Students can: K.1.2.b. Confirm understanding of a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media by asking and answering questions about key details and requesting clarification if something is not understood. (CCSS: SL.K.2)
K.1.2.e. Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts. (CCSS: L.K.6)
K.1.3. Vocal sounds produce words and meaning to create early knowledge of phonemic awareness. Students can: K.1.3.a. Identify and create rhyming words.
K.1.3.c. Identify words orally according to shared beginning or ending sounds.
K.1.3.e. Segment one-syllable words into sounds.
K.1.3.f. Segment spoken words into onset (initial consonant sounds) and rime (vowel to end of syllable).
K.1.3.g. Identify the initial, medial, and final phoneme (speech sound) of spoken words.
CO.K.2. Reading for All Purposes K.2.1. A concept of print to read and a solid comprehension of literary texts are the building blocks for reading. Students can: K.2.1.a. Use Key Ideas and Details to: K.2.1.a.i. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. (CCSS: RL.K.1)
K.2.1.a.ii. With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details. (CCSS: RL.K.2) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Story Retell
K.2.1.a.iii. With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story. (CCSS: RL.K.3) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Settings
K.2.1.b. Use Craft and Structure to: K.2.1.b.i. Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text. (CCSS: RL.K.4)
K.2.1.b.ii. Recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems). (CCSS: RL.K.5)
K.2.1.b.iii. With prompting and support, name the author and illustrator of a story and define the role of each in telling the story. (CCSS: RL.K.6)
K.2.1.c. Use Integration of Knowledge and Ideas to: K.2.1.c.i. With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the story in which they appear (e.g., what moment in a story an illustration depicts). (CCSS: RL.K.7)
K.2.1.c.ii. With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories. (CCSS: RL.K.9)
K.2.1.d. Use Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity to: K.2.1.d.i. Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding. (CCSS: RL.K.10)
K.2.2. A concept of print to read and a solid comprehension of informational text are the building blocks for reading. Students can: K.2.2.a. Use Key Ideas and Details to: K.2.2.a.i. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. (CCSS: RI.K.1)
K.2.2.a.ii. With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text. (CCSS: RI.K.2) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Main Idea
K.2.2.b. Use Craft and Structure to: K.2.2.b.i. With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text. (CCSS: RI.K.4)
K.2.2.b.ii. Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book. (CCSS: RI.K.5)
K.2.2.c. Use Integration of Knowledge and Ideas to: K.2.2.c.i. With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the text in which they appear (e.g., what person, place, thing, or idea in the text an illustration depicts). (CCSS: RI.K.7)
K.2.2.c.iii. With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures). (CCSS: RI.K.9)
K.2.2.d. Use Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity to: K.2.2.d.i. Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding. (CCSS: RI.K.10)
K.2.3. Decoding words in print requires alphabet recognition and knowledge of letter sounds. Students can: K.2.3.a. Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print. (CCSS: RF.K.1) K.2.3.a.i. Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page. (CCSS: RF.K.1a)
K.2.3.a.iv. Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet. (CCSS: RF.K.1d)
K.2.3.b. Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes). (CCSS: RF.K.2) K.2.3.b.i. Recognize and produce rhyming words. (CCSS: RF.K.2a)
K.2.3.b.ii. Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words. (CCSS: RF.K.2b)
K.2.3.b.iii. Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words. (CCSS: RF.K.2c)
K.2.3.b.vi. Identify phonemes for letters.
K.2.3.d. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. (CCSS: RF.K3) K.2.3.d.i. Demonstrate basic knowledge of letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or most frequent sound for each consonant. (CCSS: RF.K.3a)
K.2.3.d.ii. Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels. (CCSS: RF.K.3b)
K.2.3.d.iii. Read common high-frequency words by sight (e.g., the, of, to, you, she, my, is, are, do, does). (CCSS: RF.K.3c)
K.2.3.d.iv. Distinguish between similarly spelled words by identifying the sounds of the letters that differ. (CCSS: RF.K.3d)
K.2.3.e. Read emergent-reader texts with purpose and understanding. (CCSS: RF.K.4)
CO.K.3. Writing and Composition K.3.1. Text types and purposes, labels, and familiar words are used to communicate information and ideas. Students can: K.3.1.a. Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to compose opinion pieces in which they tell a reader the topic or the name of the book they are writing about and state an opinion or preference about the topic or book (e.g., My favorite book is...).
K.3.1.c. Use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to narrate a single event or several loosely linked events, tell about the events in the order in which they occurred, and provide a reaction to what happened. (CCSS: W.K.3)
K.3.2. Appropriate mechanics and conventions are used to create simple texts. Students can: K.3.2.a. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. (CCSS: L.K.1) K.3.2.a.ii. Use frequently occurring nouns and verbs. (CCSS: L.K.1b) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Nouns
K.3.2.a.iii. Form regular plural nouns orally by adding /s/ or /es/ (e.g., dog, dogs; wish, wishes). (CCSS: L.K.1c) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Nouns
K.3.2.b. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. (CCSS: L.K.2) K.3.2.b.i. Capitalize the first word in a sentence and the pronoun I. (CCSS: L.K.2a)
K.3.2.b.ii. Recognize and name end punctuation. (CCSS: L.K.2b)
K.3.2.b.iv. Spell simple words phonetically, drawing on knowledge of sound-letter relationships. (CCSS: L.K.2d) Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Spelling