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LAFS.2.L.1. Conventions of Standard English LAFS.2.L.1.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. LAFS.2.L.1.1.c. Form and use frequently occurring irregular plural nouns (e.g., feet, children, teeth, mice, fish). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Plurals
LAFS.2.L.1.1.f. Use adjectives and adverbs, and choose between them depending on what is to be modified. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Adjectives Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Grammar
LAFS.2.L.1.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. LAFS.2.L.1.2.c. Use an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Contractions Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Contractions Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Grammar Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Nouns
LAFS.2.L.1.2.d. Generalize learned spelling patterns when writing words (e.g., cage → badge; boy → boil). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Spelling
LAFS.2.L.3. Vocabulary Acquisition and Use LAFS.2.L.3.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 2 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies. LAFS.2.L.3.4.a. Use sentence-level context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.
LAFS.2.L.3.4.b. Determine the meaning of the new word formed when a known prefix is added to a known word (e.g., happy/unhappy, tell/retell). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Prefixes
LAFS.2.L.3.4.c. Use a known root word as a clue to the meaning of an unknown word with the same root (e.g., addition, additional). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Root Words
LAFS.2.L.3.4.d. Use knowledge of the meaning of individual words to predict the meaning of compound words (e.g., birdhouse, lighthouse, housefly; bookshelf, notebook, bookmark). Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Grammar
LAFS.2.L.3.4.e. Use glossaries and beginning dictionaries, both print and digital, to determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases.
LAFS.2.L.3.5. Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings. LAFS.2.L.3.5.a. Identify real-life connections between words and their use (e.g., describe foods that are spicy or juicy).
LAFS.2.L.3.6. Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using adjectives and adverbs to describe (e.g., When other kids are happy that makes me happy).
FL.LAFS.2.RF.READING STANDARDS: FOUNDATIONAL SKILLS (K-5)
READING STANDARDS: FOUNDATIONAL SKILLS (K-5)
LAFS.2.RF.3. Phonics and Word Recognition LAFS.2.RF.3.3. Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. LAFS.2.RF.3.3.a. Distinguish long and short vowels when reading regularly spelled one-syllable words.
LAFS.2.RF.3.3.b. Know spelling-sound correspondences for additional common vowel teams.
LAFS.2.RF.3.3.c. Decode regularly spelled two-syllable words with long vowels. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Phonics
LAFS.2.RF.3.3.d. Decode words with common prefixes and suffixes. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Prefixes Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Suffixes
LAFS.2.RF.4. Fluency LAFS.2.RF.4.4. Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. LAFS.2.RF.4.4.a. Read on-level text with purpose and understanding.
LAFS.2.RF.4.4.b. Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings.
LAFS.2.RF.4.4.c. Use context to confirm or self-correct word recognition and understanding, rereading as necessary.
FL.LAFS.2.RI.READING STANDARDS FOR INFORMATIONAL TEXT
READING STANDARDS FOR INFORMATIONAL TEXT
LAFS.2.RI.1. Key Ideas and Details LAFS.2.RI.1.1. Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
LAFS.2.RI.1.2. Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Main Idea
LAFS.2.RI.1.3. Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.
LAFS.2.RI.2. Craft and Structure LAFS.2.RI.2.4. Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.
LAFS.2.RI.2.5. Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.
LAFS.2.RI.2.6. Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.
LAFS.2.RI.3. Integration of Knowledge and Ideas LAFS.2.RI.3.7. Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text.
LAFS.2.RI.3.8. Describe how an author uses reasons to support specific points in a text.
LAFS.2.RI.3.9. Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.
LAFS.2.RI.4. Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity LAFS.2.RI.4.10. By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 2–3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
FL.LAFS.2.RL.READING STANDARDS FOR LITERATURE
READING STANDARDS FOR LITERATURE
LAFS.2.RL.1. Key Ideas and Details LAFS.2.RL.1.1. Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
LAFS.2.RL.1.2. Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genre
LAFS.2.RL.1.3. Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.
LAFS.2.RL.2. Craft and Structure LAFS.2.RL.2.4. Describe how words and phrases (e.g., regular beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines) supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genre
LAFS.2.RL.2.5. Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.
LAFS.2.RL.2.6. Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.
LAFS.2.RL.3. Integration of Knowledge and Ideas LAFS.2.RL.3.7. Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Settings
LAFS.2.RL.3.9. Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story (e.g., Cinderella stories) by different authors or from different cultures.
LAFS.2.RL.4. Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity LAFS.2.RL.4.10. By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories and poetry, in the grades 2–3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Genre
FL.LAFS.2.SL.STANDARDS FOR SPEAKING AND LISTENING
STANDARDS FOR SPEAKING AND LISTENING
LAFS.2.SL.1. Comprehension and Collaboration LAFS.2.SL.1.1. Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups. LAFS.2.SL.1.1.c. Ask for clarification and further explanation as needed about the topics and texts under discussion.
LAFS.2.SL.1.2. Recount or describe key ideas or details from a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.
LAFS.2.W.1. Text Types and Purposes LAFS.2.W.1.3. Write narratives in which they recount a well-elaborated event or short sequence of events, include details to describe actions, thoughts, and feelings, use temporal words to signal event order, and provide a sense of closure.
LAFS.2.W.2. Production and Distribution of Writing LAFS.2.W.2.5. With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.
LAFS.K12.L.1. Conventions of Standard English LAFS.K12.L.1.1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Grammar
LAFS.K12.L.1.2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Spelling
LAFS.K12.L.2. Knowledge of Language LAFS.K12.L.2.3. Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.
LAFS.K12.L.3. Vocabulary Acquisition and Use LAFS.K12.L.3.4. Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases by using context clues, analyzing meaningful word parts, and consulting general and specialized reference materials, as appropriate.
LAFS.K12.L.3.5. Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
LAFS.K12.L.3.6. Acquire and use accurately a range of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge whe
LAFS.K12.R.1. Key Ideas and Details LAFS.K12.R.1.1. Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Inference
LAFS.K12.R.1.2. Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Main Idea Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Story Retell
LAFS.K12.R.1.3. Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.
LAFS.K12.R.2. Craft and Structure LAFS.K12.R.2.4. Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.
LAFS.K12.R.2.5. Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
LAFS.K12.R.2.6. Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.
LAFS.K12.R.3. Integration of Knowledge and Ideas LAFS.K12.R.3.9. Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.
LAFS.K12.R.4. Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity LAFS.K12.R.4.10. Read and comprehend complex literary and informational texts independently and proficiently.
LAFS.K12.W.2. Production and Distribution of Writing LAFS.K12.W.2.4. Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.
LAFS.K12.W.2.5. Develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach.
LAFS.K12.W.4. Range of Writing LAFS.K12.W.4.10. Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of tasks, purposes, and audiences.