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SCI.CC. Crosscutting Concepts (CC) SCI.CC7. Students use science and engineering practices, disciplinary core ideas, and an understanding of stability and change to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. Stability and Change SCI.CC7.h. Students understand much of science deals with constructing explanations of how things change and how they remain stable. They quantify and model changes in systems over very short or very long periods of time. They see some changes are irreversible, and
SCI.ESS. Disciplinary Core Idea: Earth and Space Sciences (ESS) SCI.ESS1. Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of Earth’s place in the universe to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.ESS1.A. The Universe and Its Stars SCI.ESS1.A.h. Light spectra from stars are used to determine their characteristics, processes, and lifecycles. Solar activity creates the elements through nuclear fusion. The development of technologies has provided the astronomical data that provide the empirical evid
SCI.ESS1.B. Earth and the Solar System SCI.ESS1.B.h. Kepler’s laws describe common features of the motions of orbiting objects. Observations from astronomy and space probes provide evidence for explanations of solar system formation. Cyclical changes in Earth’s tilt and orbit, occurring over tens to hundred
SCI.ESS1.C. The History of Planet Earth SCI.ESS1.C.h. The rock record resulting from tectonic and other geoscience processes as well as objects from the solar system can provide evidence of Earth’s early history and the relative ages of major geologic formations.
SCI.ESS2. Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of Earth’s systems to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.ESS2.B. Plate Tectonics and Large-Scale System Interactions SCI.ESS2.B.h. Radioactive decay within Earth’s interior contributes to thermal convection in the mantle.
SCI.ESS2.C. The Roles of Water in Earth’s Surface Processes SCI.ESS2.C.h. The planet’s dynamics are greatly influenced by water’s unique chemical and physical properties. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
SCI.ESS2.D. Weather and Climate SCI.ESS2.D.h. The role of radiation from the sun and its interactions with the atmosphere, ocean, and land are the foundation for the global climate system. Global climate models are used to predict future changes, including changes influenced by human behavior and nat Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
SCI.ESS2.E. Biogeology SCI.ESS2.E.h. The biosphere and Earth’s other systems have many interconnections that cause a continual coevolution of Earth’s surface and life on it.
SCI.ESS3. Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of the Earth and human activity to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.ESS3.B. Natural Hazards SCI.ESS3.B.h. Natural hazards and other geological events have shaped the course of human history at local, regional, and global scales.
SCI.ESS3.C. Human Impacts on Earth Systems SCI.ESS3.C.h. Sustainability of human societies and the biodiversity that supports them requires responsible management of natural resources, including the development of technologies. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Oceans
SCI.ESS3.D. Global Climate Change SCI.ESS3.D.h. Global climate models used to predict changes continue to be improved, although discoveries about the global climate system are ongoing and continually needed. Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game Climate
SCI.ETS. Disciplinary Core Idea: Engineering, Technology, and the Application of Science (ETS) SCI.ETS3. Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of the nature of science and engineering to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.ETS3.B. Science and Engineering Are Unique Ways of Thinking with Different Purposes SCI.ETS3.B.h.1. Science is both a body of knowledge that represents current understanding of natural systems and the processes used to refine, elaborate, revise and extend this knowledge. These processes differentiate science from other ways of knowing.
SCI.LS. Disciplinary Core Idea: Life Science (LS) SCI.LS1. Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of structures and processes (on a scale from molecules to organisms) to make sense of phenomena and solve problem. SCI.LS1.A. Structure and Function SCI.LS1.A.h. Systems of specialized cells within organisms help perform essential functions of life. Any one system in an organism is made up of numerous parts. Feedback mechanisms maintain an organism’s internal conditions within certain limits and mediate behaviors.
SCI.LS1.B. Growth and Development of Organisms SCI.LS1.B.h. Growth and division of cells in organisms occurs by mitosis and differentiation for specific cell type.
SCI.LS1.C. Organization for Matter and Energy Flow in Organisms SCI.LS1.C.h. The molecules produced through photosynthesis are used to make amino acids and other molecules that can be assembled into proteins or DNA. Through cellular respiration, matter and energy flow through different organizational levels of an organism as eleme
SCI.LS1.D. Information Processing SCI.LS1.D.h. Organisms can process and store a variety of information through specific chemicals and interconnected networks.
SCI.LS2. Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of the interactions, energy, and dynamics within ecosystems to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.LS2.B. Cycles of Matter and Energy Transfer in Ecosystems SCI.LS2.B.h. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration provide most of the energy for life processes. Only a fraction of matter consumed at the lower level of a food web is transferred up, resulting in fewer organisms at higher levels. At each link in an ecosystem, elem
SCI.LS3. Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of heredity to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.LS3.A. Inheritance of Traits SCI.LS3.A.h. DNA carries instructions for forming species’ characteristics. Each cell in an organism has the same genetic content, but genes expressed by cells can differ.
SCI.LS3.B. Variation of Traits SCI.LS3.B.h. The variation and distribution of traits in a population depend on genetic and environmental factors. Genetic variation can result from mutations caused by environmental factors or errors in DNA replication, or from chromosomes swapping sections during me
SCI.LS4. Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of biological evolution to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.LS4.B. Natural Selection SCI.LS4.B.h. Natural selection occurs only if there is variation in the genes and traits between organisms in a population. Traits that positively affect survival can become more common in a population.
SCI.LS4.C. Adaptation SCI.LS4.C.h. Evolution results primarily from genetic variation of individuals in a species, competition for resources, and proliferation of organisms better able to survive and reproduce. Adaptation means that the distribution of traits in a population, as well as sp
SCI.LS4.D. Biodiversity and Humans SCI.LS4.D.h. Biodiversity is increased by formation of new species and reduced by extinction. Humans depend on biodiversity but also have adverse impacts on it. Sustaining biodiversity is essential to supporting life on Earth.
SCI.PS. Disciplinary Core Idea: Physical Science (PS) SCI.PS1. Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of matter and its interactions to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.PS1.A. Structures and Properties of Matter SCI.PS1.A.h. The sub-atomic structural model and interactions between electric charges at the atomic scale can be used to explain the structure and interactions of matter, including chemical reactions and nuclear processes. Repeating patterns of the periodic table ref
SCI.PS1.B. Chemical Reactions SCI.PS1.B.h. Chemical processes are understood in terms of collisions of molecules, rearrangement of atoms, and changes in energy as determined by properties of elements involved.
SCI.PS2. Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of forces, interactions, motion and stability to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.PS2.A. Forces and Motion SCI.PS2.A.h.1. Motion and changes in motion can be quantitatively described using concepts of speed, velocity, and acceleration (including speeding up, slowing down, and/or changing direction).
SCI.PS2.A.h.3. If a system interacts with objects outside itself, the total momentum of the system can change; however, any such change is balanced by changes in the momentum of objects outside the system.
SCI.PS2.B. Types of Interactions SCI.PS2.B.h.1. Forces at a distance are explained by fields that can transfer energy and can be described in terms of the arrangement and properties of the interacting objects and the distance between them. These forces can be used to describe the relationship between e
SCI.PS3. Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of energy to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.PS3.B. Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer SCI.PS3.B.h. The total energy within a system is conserved. Energy transfer within and between systems can be described and predicted in terms of energy associated with the motion or configuration of particles (objects).
SCI.PS3.C. Relationships Between Energy and Forces SCI.PS3.C.h. Fields contain energy that depends on the arrangement of the objects in the field.
SCI.PS3.D. Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday Life SCI.PS3.D.h. Photosynthesis is the primary biological means of capturing radiation from the sun; energy cannot be destroyed, but it can be converted to less useful forms.
SCI.PS4. Students use science and engineering practices, crosscutting concepts, and an understanding of waves and their applications in technologies for information transfer to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.PS4.A. Wave Properties SCI.PS4.A.h. The wavelength and frequency of a wave are related to one another by the speed of the wave, which depends on the type of wave and the medium through which it is passing. Waves can be used to transmit information and energy.
SCI.PS4.B. Electromagnetic Radiation SCI.PS4.B.h. Both an electromagnetic wave model and a photon model explain features of electromagnetic radiation broadly and describe common applications of electromagnetic radiation.
SCI.SEP. Science and Engineering Practices (SEP) SCI.SEP2. Students develop and use models, in conjunction with using crosscutting concepts and disciplinary core ideas, to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.SEP2.A. Developing Models – Students use, synthesize, and develop models to predict and show relationships among variables and between systems and their components in the natural and designed world. This includes the following: SCI.SEP2.A.h.6. Develop and use a model (including mathematical and computational) to generate data to support explanations, predict phenomena, analyze systems, and solve problems.
SCI.SEP3. Students plan and carry out investigations, in conjunction with using crosscutting concepts and disciplinary core ideas, to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.SEP3.A. Planning and Conducting Investigations – Students plan and carry out investigations that provide evidence for and test conceptual, mathematical, physical, and empirical models: This includes the following: SCI.SEP3.A.h.4. Select appropriate tools to collect, record, analyze, and evaluate data.
SCI.SEP4. Students analyze and interpret data, in conjunction with using crosscutting concepts and disciplinary core ideas, to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.SEP4.A. Analyze and Interpret Data – Students engage in more detailed statistical analysis, the comparison of data sets for consistency, and the use of models to generate and analyze data. This includes the following: SCI.SEP4.A.h.1. Analyze data using tools, technologies, and models (e.g., computational, mathematical) in order to make valid and reliable scientific claims or determine an optimal design solution.
SCI.SEP4.A.h.2. Apply concepts of statistics and probability to scientific and engineering questions and problems, using digital tools when feasible. Concepts should include determining the fit of functions, slope, and intercepts to data, along with correlation coefficie
SCI.SEP5. Students use mathematics and computational thinking, in conjunction with using crosscutting concepts and disciplinary core ideas, to make sense of phenomena and solve problems. SCI.SEP5.A. Qualitative and Quantitative Data – Students use algebraic thinking and analysis, a range of linear and nonlinear functions (including trigonometric functions, exponentials, and logarithms), and computational tools for statistical analysis to analyze, rep SCI.SEP5.A.h.3. Use mathematical, computational, and algorithmic representations of phenomena or design solutions to describe and support claims and explanations.
SCI.SEP5.A.h.4. Apply techniques of algebra and functions to represent and solve scientific and engineering problems.
SCI.SEP5.A.h.6. Apply ratios, rates, percentages, and unit conversions in the context of complicated measurement problems involving quantities with derived or compound units (such as mg/mL, kg/m3, acre-feet, and others).