English Language Arts
Select a Grade:
 
 
Mathematics
Select a Grade:
 
 
Science
Select a Grade:
 
 
Social Studies
Select a Grade:
 
To create a custom lesson, click on the check boxes of the files you’d like to add to your lesson and then click on the Build-A-Lesson button at the top. Click on the resource title to View, Edit, or Assign it.

DC.8.U.S. History and Geography I: Growth and Conflict

U.S. History and Geography I: Growth and Conflict
OUR COLONIAL HERITAGE (1600–1720)
8.1. Students explain the religious, political, and economic reasons for movement of people from Europe to the Americas, and they describe the impact of exploration and settlement by Europeans on Native Americans.
8.1.2. Explain instances of both cooperation and conflict between Native Americans and European settlers, such as agriculture, trade, cultural exchanges, and military alliances, as well as later broken treaties, massacres, and conflicts over control of the land.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide European Exploration and Settlement
 
8.1.4. Locate and identify the first 13 colonies, and describe how their location and natural environment influenced their development. (G)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Colonial Life
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Colonial Settlement
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide European Exploration and Settlement
 
8.1.5. Identify the contributions of political and religious leaders in colonial America (e.g., John Smith, William Bradford, Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson, John Winthrop, Thomas Hooker, and William Penn). (P, R)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Colonial Settlement
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide European Exploration and Settlement
 
8.1.7. Describe the day-to-day colonial life for men, women, and children in different regions and their connection to the land. (S, E)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Colonial Life
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide European Exploration and Settlement
 
A NEW NATION (1720–1787)
8.2. Students understand the major events preceding the founding of the nation and relate their significance to the development of American constitutional democracy.
8.2.1. Describe the relationship between the moral and political ideas of the Great Awakening and the development of revolutionary fervor. (P, R)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Canada
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Colonial Life
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The American Revolution
 
8.2.2. Explain how freedom from European feudalism and aristocracy and the widespread ownership of property fostered individualism and contributed to the American Revolution. (P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The American Revolution
 
8.2.3. Analyze the philosophy of government expressed in the Declaration of Independence, with an emphasis on government as a means of securing individual rights (e.g., key phrases such as “all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with c
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The American Revolution
 
8.2.4. Identify the political and economic causes and consequences of the American Revolution and the major battles, leaders, and events that led to a final peace (e.g., free press and taxation without representation). (P, M, E)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The American Revolution
 
8.2.6. Explain the nation’s blend of civic republicanism, classical liberal principles, and English parliamentary traditions. (P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The United States Constitution
 
8.2.7. Describe the functions and responsibilities of a free press. (P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The United States Constitution
 
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES (1777–1789)
8.3. Students analyze the political principles underlying the U.S. Constitution, and they compare the enumerated and implied powers of the federal government.
8.3.1. Describe the significance of the Magna Carta, the English Bill of Rights, and the Mayflower Compact. (P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Colonial Settlement
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Medieval Europe
 
8.3.10. Explain the need and reasons for amendments to the Constitution. (P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The United States Constitution
 
8.3.2. Analyze the Articles of Confederation and the reasons for its replacement by the Constitution. (P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Colonial Settlement
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Articles of Confederation
 
8.3.3. Explain the Constitution and its success in implementing the ideals of the Declaration of Independence. (P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The American Revolution
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The United States Constitution
 
8.3.4. Evaluate the major debates that occurred during the development of the Constitution and their ultimate resolutions in such areas as shared power among institutions, divided state-federal power, slavery, the rights of individuals and states (later addresse
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The United States Constitution
 
8.3.5. Describe the political philosophy underpinning the Constitution as specified in The Federalist Papers (by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay), and explain the role of such leaders as James Madison, George Washington, Roger Sherman, Gouverneur
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Abolitionist Movement
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The United States Constitution
 
8.3.7. Identify and explain the origins, purpose, and differing views of the framers on the issue of the separation of church and state. (P, R)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The United States Constitution
 
8.3.8. Explain the significance of Jefferson’s Statute for Religious Freedom as a forerunner of the First Amendment. (P, R)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The United States Constitution
 
8.3.9. Describe the powers of government set forth in the Constitution and the fundamental liberties ensured by the Bill of Rights. (P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The United States Constitution
 
8.4. Students understand the foundation of the American political system and the ways in which citizens participate in it.
8.4.2. Explain how the ordinances of 1785 and 1787 privatized national resources and transferred federally owned lands into private holdings, townships, and states. (G, P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Articles of Confederation
 
8.4.3. Explain the strict versus loose interpretation of the Constitution and how the conflicts between Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton resulted in the emergence of two political parties (e.g., their views of foreign policy, Alien and Sedition Acts, econ
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Abolitionist Movement
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The United States Constitution
 
8.4.4. Understand the significance of domestic resistance movements and the way in which the central government responded to such movements (e.g., Shays’ Rebellion and the Whiskey Rebellion). (P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Abolitionist Movement
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Articles of Confederation
 
8.4.5. Describe the basic law-making process and how the Constitution provides numerous opportunities for citizens to participate in the political process and to monitor and influence government (e.g., function of elections, political parties, and interest group
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Progressive Era
 
8.4.6. Enumerate the advantages of a common market among the states as foreseen in and protected by the Constitution’s clauses on interstate commerce, common coinage, etc. (E)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The United States Constitution
 
LAUNCHING THE YOUNG NATION (1789–1849)
8.5. Students analyze the aspirations and ideals of the people of the new nation.
8.5.1. Explain the policy significance of famous speeches (e.g., Washington’s farewell address and Jefferson’s 1801 inaugural address). (P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The New Government in Operation
 
8.5.2. Explain and identify on a map the territorial expansion during the terms of the first four presidents (e.g., the Lewis and Clark expedition, the Louisiana Purchase). (G, P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The New Government in Operation
 
8.6. Students analyze U.S. foreign policy in the early Republic.
8.6.1. Explain the political and economic causes and consequences of the War of 1812 and the major battles, leaders, and events that led to a final peace. (P, M, E)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The New Government in Operation
 
8.6.2. Outline the major treaties with American Indian nations during the administrations of the first four presidents and the varying outcomes of those treaties. (P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Jackson Age
 
8.6.3. Identify on a map the changing boundaries of the United States and the relationships the country had with its neighbors (currently Mexico and Canada) and Europe, including the influence of the Monroe Doctrine, and explain how those relationships influence
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Expansionism
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Mexico
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Moving Southward and Westward
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Alamo
 
THE DIVERGENT AND UNIFYING PATHS OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE (1800–1850)
8.10. Students analyze the issue of slavery, including the early and steady attempts to abolish slavery and to realize the ideals of the Declaration of Independence.
8.10.2. Describe the significance of the Northwest Ordinance in education and in the banning of slavery in new states north of the Ohio River. (P, S)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Articles of Confederation
 
8.10.3. Identify the various leaders of the abolitionist movement (e.g., John Quincy Adams and his proposed constitutional amendment and the Amistad case; John Brown and the armed resistance; Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad; Theodore Weld, crusader fo
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Causes of the Civil War
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Abolitionist Movement
 
8.10.4. Describe the importance of the slavery issue as raised by the annexation of Texas and California’s admission to the union as a free state under the Compromise of 1850. (P, S)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Causes of the Civil War
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Abolitionist Movement
 
8.10.5. Analyze the significance of the States’ Rights Doctrine, the Missouri Compromise (1820), the Wilmot Proviso (1846), the Compromise of 1850, Henry Clay’s role in the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850, the Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854), the Dred S
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Causes of the Civil War
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Abolitionist Movement
 
8.10.6. Identify the conditions of enslavement, and explain how slaves adapted and resisted in their daily lives.
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Causes of the Civil War
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Abolitionist Movement
 
8.7. Students analyze the paths of the American people in the North from 1800 to the mid-1800s and the challenges they faced.
8.7.2. Describe the influence of industrialization and technological developments on the region, including human modification of the landscape and how physical geography shaped human actions (e.g., growth of cities, deforestation, farming, and mineral extraction
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Industrial Growth
 
8.7.3. Outline the physical obstacles to and the economic and political factors involved in building a network of roads, canals, and railroads (e.g., Henry Clay’s American System). (G, E)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Causes of the Civil War
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Erie Canal
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Nation Grows and Expands
 
8.7.5. Describe the lives of black Americans who gained freedom in the North and founded mutual aid societies, schools, and churches to advance their rights and communities. (P, S)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Abolitionist Movement
 
8.7.8. Explain the women’s suffrage movement (e.g., biographies, writings, and speeches of Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Sojourner Truth, Maria Stewart, Margaret Fuller, Lucretia Mott, and Susan B. Anthony). (P, S)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Abolitionist Movement
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Women's Rights
 
8.8. Students analyze the paths of the American people in the South from 1800 to the mid-1800s and the challenges they faced.
8.8.2. Describe the development of the agrarian economy in the South, the locations of the cotton-producing states, and the significance of cotton and the cotton gin. (G, E)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Nation Grows and Expands
 
8.8.4. Trace the development of slavery; its effects on black Americans and on the region’s political, social, religious, economic, and cultural development; and the strategies that were tried to both overturn and preserve it (e.g., through the writings of David
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Causes of the Civil War
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Abolitionist Movement
 
8.9. Students analyze the divergent paths of the American people in the West from 1800 to the mid-1800s and the challenges they faced.
8.9.2. Describe the election of Andrew Jackson as president in 1828, the importance of Jacksonian democracy, and his actions as president (e.g., the spoils system, veto of the National Bank, and opposition to the Supreme Court). (P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Jackson Age
 
8.9.3. Describe the course and outcome of conflicts between American Indians and Europeans settlers over land (Indian Wars).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Jackson Age
 
8.9.4. Describe the Indian Removal Act of 1830 and the land-exchange treaties that forced Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River further west, and the effect these policies had on Native American nations (e.g., Cherokee Nation versus Georgia).
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Jackson Age
 
8.9.5. Describe the purpose, challenges, and economic incentives associated with westward expansion, including the concept of Manifest Destiny (e.g., accounts of the removal of Indians, the Cherokees’ Trail of Tears, and settlement of the Great Plains) and the t
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Causes of the Civil War
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Moving Southward and Westward
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Jackson Age
 
8.9.9. Describe the Texas War for Independence and the Mexican-American War, including territorial settlements, the aftermath of the wars, and the effects the wars had on the lives of Americans, including Mexican Americans today. (G, M, S)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Mexico
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Alamo
 
CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION (1830–1877)
8.11. Students analyze the multiple causes, key events, and complex consequences of the Civil War.
8.11.4. Describe Abraham Lincoln’s presidency and his significant writings and speeches and their relationship to the Declaration of Independence (e.g., his House Divided speech in 1858, Gettysburg Address in 1863, Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, and inaugural
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Abolitionist Movement
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Civil War
 
8.11.5. Explain the views and lives of leaders (e.g., Ulysses S. Grant, Jefferson Davis, and Robert E. Lee) and soldiers on both sides of the war, including those of black soldiers and regiments. (P, M)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Causes of the Civil War
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Civil War
 
8.11.6. Describe African American involvement in the Union army, including the Massachusetts 54th Regiment led by Colonel Robert Shaw. (M, S)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Causes of the Civil War
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Civil War
 
8.11.7. Describe critical developments and events in the war, including locating on a map the major battles, geographical advantages and obstacles, technological advances, and General Lee’s surrender at Appomattox. (G, M, P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Causes of the Civil War
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Civil War
 
8.11.8. Explain how the war affected combatants, civilians, the physical environment, and future warfare. (G, M, S)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Causes of the Civil War
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Civil War
 
8.12. Students analyze the character and lasting consequences of Reconstruction.
8.12.1. Explain the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments to the Constitution and their connection to Reconstruction. (P)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Reconstruction after the Civil War
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The United States Constitution
 
8.12.2. List and describe the original aims of Reconstruction (e.g., to reunify the nation) and its effects on the political and social structures of different regions. (G, P, S)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Reconstruction after the Civil War
 
8.12.3. Explain the effects of the Freedmen’s Bureau and the restrictions placed on the rights and opportunities of freedmen, including racial segregation and Jim Crow laws. (P, S)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Civil Rights
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Reconstruction after the Civil War
 
8.12.5. Explain the movement of both white Northern entrepreneurs (carpetbaggers) and black Yankees from the North to the South and their reasons for doing so. (S, G, E)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Reconstruction after the Civil War
 
8.12.6. Explain the push-pull factors in the movement of former slaves to the cities in the North and to the West and their differing experiences in those regions (e.g., the experiences of Buffalo Soldiers and the Exodusters). (G)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Reconstruction after the Civil War
 
THE RISE OF INDUSTRIAL AMERICA (1877–1914)
8.13. Students analyze the transformation of the American economy and the changing social and political conditions in the United States in response to the Industrial Revolution.
8.13.1. Explain the location and effects of urbanization, renewed immigration, and industrialization (e.g., the effects on social fabric of cities, wealth and economic opportunity, and the conservation movement). (G, S, E)
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Industrial Growth
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Nation Grows and Expands
 
8.13.4. Explain the connection between the ideology of Manifest Destiny and accelerated economic growth of the United States in the late 19th century (e.g., connection between U.S. business interests and military intervention in Mexico, Central America, and the C
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Causes of the Civil War
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Expansionism
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Industrial Growth
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide Moving Southward and Westward
Quiz, Flash Cards, Worksheet, Game & Study Guide The Nation Grows and Expands