THE GREAT DEPRESSION What was the Great Depression? In the 1920’s, the United States was in good economic shape. World War I created a need for more goods and the citizens had money to pay for the goods. People were also investing money in the stock market and the economy was doing well. In 1929, investors began to sell off their stock, which caused the stock market to crash. People were not paid back their investments and lost money. Businesses and factories closed down because no one could afford to buy the products. Many workers lost their jobs. This was the beginning of the Great Depression. Other nations were affected from the Great Depression. The United States citizens had invested money in Europe before the stock market crash, but they could not afford to keep doing this. Factories closed down and trade decreased, leaving people overseas without jobs. President Roosevelt wanted to help the American people and save the economy. He created the New Deal to do this. The New Deal programs helped Americans get back on their feet. The New Deal created jobs and social programs to help people who needed them. © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.