READING – FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE What is Figurative Language? Figurative language is the opposite of literal language. The writer uses techniques like repetition, exaggeration, alliteration, personification, onomatopoeia, similes, and metaphors to create images in the reader's mind. Examples: Using a sound, word, or phrase more than once is known as repetition. When a writer intentionally stretches the truth, he/she is using exaggeration. When a writer repeats a consonant sound at the beginning of several words in a row, he/she is using alliteration. Poems are divided into groups of lines called stanzas. Free verse is free from a formal rhyme scheme. Words that end with the same sound are called rhyming words. The "beat" of a poem is called its rhythm. Try This! 1] Figurative language may be used in prose and ________. a] poker b] pointing c] poetry d] polka 2] Using a sound, word, or phrase more than once is known as ________. a] exaggeration b] repetition c] personification d] onomatopoeia 3] An eight-lined stanza is called a ________. a] sestet b] septet c] octet d] quatrain © Copyright NewPath Learning. All Rights Reserved. Permission is granted for the purchaser to print copies for non-commercial educational purposes only. Visit us at www.NewPathLearning.com.